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Nusantara: The Past, Present, and Future of Indonesia’s Civilization

(Topic created on: 01-04-2024 06:06 AM)
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Nusantara: The Past, Present, and Future of Indonesia’s Civilization

 

Indonesia is a country with a rich and diverse cultural heritage that spans centuries. From the ancient kingdoms of Nusantara, the colonial era of the Dutch East Indies, to the modern republic of Indonesia, the nation has undergone many transformations and challenges. But what makes Indonesia unique and influential in the world? And what are the prospects for its future development?

Nusantara is the historical name for the archipelago that stretches across the Indian and Pacific Oceans, comprising thousands of islands and hundreds of ethnic groups. Nusantara means “outer islands” in Old Javanese, and it reflects the maritime nature of the region. The term was popularized by the 14th-century Majapahit Empire, which was one of the largest and most powerful kingdoms in Southeast Asia. Majapahit was known for its naval prowess, trade network, and cultural influence that extended to neighboring countries such as Malaysia, Thailand, Cambodia, and the Philippines.

Nusantara was also the birthplace of various civilizations and cultures that shaped the identity of Indonesia today. Some of the notable examples are Kutai (4th century), Tarumanegara (4th-7th century), Sriwijaya (7th century), Mataram Kuno (8th century), and the Islamic kingdoms that emerged after the spread of Islam in the 13th century. These civilizations contributed to the development of art, literature, religion, law, and science in Indonesia. For instance, the Borobudur Temple, the largest Buddhist monument in the world, was built by the Sailendra dynasty in the 9th century. The Nagarakretagama, an epic poem that describes the glory of Majapahit, was written by Mpu Prapanca in the 14th century. The Pancasila, the five principles that form the basis of the Indonesian state ideology, was derived from the philosophy of the 16th-century Wali Songo, the nine Islamic saints who propagated Islam in Java.

Indonesia today is a modern and democratic nation that has achieved remarkable progress since its independence in 1945. Despite the challenges of colonialism, dictatorship, corruption, and separatism, Indonesia has managed to maintain its unity and diversity. Indonesia is the fourth most populous country in the world, with over 270 million people. It is also the largest Muslim-majority country, with about 87% of its population adhering to Islam. However, Indonesia also recognizes five other official religions: Christianity, Catholicism, Hinduism, Buddhism, and Confucianism. Indonesia is also home to more than 300 ethnic groups, each with their own languages, customs, and traditions. Indonesia is a melting pot of cultures that celebrates its differences and similarities.

Indonesia is also an emerging economic power that plays a significant role in the regional and global affairs. Indonesia is the largest economy in Southeast Asia, and the 16th largest in the world, with a GDP of about $1.1 trillion in 2020. Indonesia is a member of various international organizations, such as the United Nations, the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), the Group of 20 (G20), and the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC). Indonesia is also a leader in environmental issues, as it hosts the third-largest tropical rainforest in the world, and the largest biodiversity in the world. Indonesia is committed to reducing its greenhouse gas emissions, preserving its natural resources, and promoting sustainable development.

Indonesia’s future is bright and promising, as it strives to achieve its vision of becoming a developed and prosperous country by 2045, the centennial of its independence. Indonesia has set ambitious goals to improve its human development, infrastructure, innovation, and competitiveness. Indonesia also aims to become a global maritime fulcrum, a concept that emphasizes the importance of the sea as a source of wealth and security. Indonesia plans to develop its maritime sector, such as fisheries, tourism, shipping, and energy, as well as to enhance its maritime diplomacy and defense.

One of the most symbolic and futuristic projects that Indonesia is undertaking is the relocation of its capital city from Jakarta to Nusantara, a planned city in East Kalimantan, on the island of Borneo. Nusantara, which means “archipelago” in Indonesian, is expected to be inaugurated on 17 August 2024, coinciding with the Indonesian Independence Day. Nusantara is designed to be a smart, green, and inclusive city that reflects the diversity and identity of Indonesia. Nusantara will also serve as a catalyst for the development of the eastern part of Indonesia, which has been lagging behind the western part.

Nusantara is a testament to the resilience and creativity of Indonesia, a country that has overcome many obstacles and achieved many accomplishments. Nusantara is also a tribute to the legacy and heritage of Nusantara, the ancient name for the archipelago that gave birth to Indonesia. Nusantara is a vision for the future of Indonesia, a country that aims to become a global force for good.

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Hi , thank you for sharing.

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snapbuzz
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good 👍
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Hi , thank you for sharing.

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