You may try this on your Note10
Wipe cache partition method.
Wipe cache partition
1.Turn off the device.and just connect your phone to any PC with usb with your cable.
2.Press and hold the Volume Up key and the Bixby key, then press and hold the Power key.
3.When the Android logo displays, release all three keys.An 'Installing system update' message will show for 30 - 60 seconds before the Android system recovery menu options appear.
4.Press the Volume down key several times to highlight wipe cache partition.
5.Press Power key to select.
6.Press the Volume down key to highlight yes,then and press the Power key to select.When the wipe cache partition is complete, Reboot system now is highlighted.
7.Press the Power key to restart the device.
This should get back your your super fast Charging again.
Unfortunately, I did this and didn't helped.
In my case Samsung A52 5G - super fast charging doesn't work anymore... It say that are charging but just drain the battery .
Fast and normal charging are still working well.
It's not the cable or power adapter ...